Chapter 1: Introduction to Templates in C++

C++ templates are intimidating for any beginner or intermediate level programmer as it is syntactically a bit cryptic and complex. Also, there are intricacies in how to use the powerful features of the language. A standard C++ book does not always go into the feature’s details instead of just touching upon the subject, which is not sufficiently explanatory for the first-time learners. Sometimes the examples are too complicated, or the explanations are too vague to understand. Often, there are not many different sample codes to practice enough to have a good grip on the subject. In other cases, the available books go so deep into the nitty-gritty of the language that the reader feels a bit lost in the sea of information. In either way, the subject seems daunting for the newbies or intermediate-level programmers. However, if we explain it systematically with simple examples and easy-to-understand explanations, the C++ template could be a powerful tool for programmers. Proper use of templates can lead to clean, elegant, and efficient code on many occasions. The reader should be a beginner or intermediate-level programmer who has a basic understanding of C++ programming. They do not need to have detailed, in-depth knowledge or vast experience on the subject but should be familiar with the C++ programming paradigm’s basic concepts and be looking to take it to the next level.

What is memory leak in a C program?

Memory leak is a phenomenon where a running C/C++ program or a running process or thread dynamically allocates memory block from the heap but fails to free the memory block when it no more requires the memory. This happens due to programmatic error where the handle to the allocated memory block gets lost. Over a time if the same programmatic entity (a process, or a thread or a function) comes into action repeatedly and leaks memory, all the free memory of the systems goes away and eventually the systems throws the dreaded "Out Of Memory" and crumbles down.